The Season After Pentecost: Liturgical Calendar - Why Have Resumed Sundays After Epiphany?



Image Credit: Fr. Z's Blog - When does Paschaltide end?


See: Baronius Missal, Summorum Pontificum Edition, page 865.

Also: Tridentine Latin Rite Missal Project



"Easter being variable, the number of Sundays from Pentecost to the First Sunday of Advent is, of course, variable also; but there cannot be less than twenty-three, nor more than twenty-eight. The Mass for the Last Sunday after Pentecost, below, is always said on the Sunday preceding Advent. If there are more than twenty-four Sundays after Pentecost, the Introit, Gradual and Communion of the twenty-third Sunday are repeated on all the remaining Sundays.  But the Collects, the Epistle and the Gospel are taken from the Masses of the Sundays omitted after the Epiphany, in the following order:

If there are 24 Sundays after Pentecost (when Easter falls after April 16th), the Last Sunday after Pentecost follows the 23rd Sunday.

If there are 25 Sundays after Pentecost (when Easter falls between April the 10th and 16th), on the 24th Sunday are said the Prayers, the Epistle, and the Gospel of the 6th Sunday after the Epiphany. 

***2015 - Easter was April 5th:   If there are 26 Sundays after Pentecost (when Easter falls between April the 3rd and 9th), on the 24th Sunday are said the Prayers, the Epistle and the Gospel of the 5th Sunday after the Epiphany, on the 25th Sunday are said the Prayers, the Epistle and the Gospel of the 6th Sunday after the Epiphany.

If there are 27 Sundays after Pentecost (when Easter falls between March the 27th and April the 2nd), on the 24th Sunday are said the Prayers, the Epistle, and the Gospel of the 4th Sunday after the Epiphany; on the 25th Sunday the same parts of the 5th Sunday after the Epiphany are said, and on the 26th Sunday those parts of the 6th Sunday after the Epiphany are said.

And lastly, if there are 28 Sundays after Pentecost (when Easter falls between March the 22nd and the 26th), on the 24th Sunday are said the Prayers, the Epistle and the Gospel of the 3rd Sunday after the Epiphany; on the 25th, those same parts of the 4th Sunday after the Epiphany; on the 26th, those same parts of the 5th Sunday after the Epiphany, and on the 27th Sunday, those parts of the 6th Sunday after the Epiphany." 

This explains why on November 8th, 2015, we celebrate the "Fifth Resumed Sunday After Epiphany" (2nd Class, Green Vestments, Gloria & Creed are said and the Preface is that of the Holy Trinity).   On November 15th, the "Sixth Resumed Sunday After Epiphany" is celebrated.  Finally, the "24th & Last Sunday After Pentecost" is celebrated on November 22nd, 2015.  Advent begins on November 29th, 2015 with the "First Sunday of Advent."

Pax vobiscum!
Deo Volente

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